The visualised data show the resistance of Salmonella, E. Coli and Campylobacter in food,
animals and humans, country by country from 2019.
If no data are presented for single countries, it means that none or fewer than 10 resistant bacteria
were reported. It does not mean absence of resistance.
The countries monitoring and reporting are the EU Member States, Iceland, Norway and Switzerland.
Resistance data based on fewer than 10 bacteria are not presented in the data viz.
Monitoring for calves is only mandatory for certain Member States. The monitoring of AMR in
Salmonella from pigs and calves under one year of age, as well as in Campylobacter coli from
fattening pigs is performed voluntarily by MSs
See more detailed explanations in the full report:
European Union summary report on antimicrobial resistance in zoonotic and indicator bacteria from humans,
animals and food in 2018
The data is open access and can be found here: EFSA’s Knowledge Junction on Zenodo
Unsure of any scientific terms? Consult EFSA’s glossary
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© 2020 - European Food Safety Authority – EFSA.
Re-use is authorised, provided that EFSA is acknowledged as the source of the
Salmonella causes salmonellosis, which is the second most common zoonotic disease in the
EU. Salmonella is a common cause of foodborne disease outbreaks. https://www.efsa.europa.eu/en/topics/topic/salmonella
Campylobacter causes an illness called campylobacteriosis. This is the most frequently
reported foodborne illness in the EU. https://www.efsa.europa.eu/en/topics/topic/campylobacter
Escherichia coli (E. coli) is a bacterium commonly found in the gut of warm-blooded
organisms. Most strains of E. coli are not harmful but are part of the healthful bacterial flora in the
human gut. https://www.efsa.europa.eu/en/topics/topic/shiga-toxin-producing-e-coli-outbreaks
As less than 10 bacteria were reported, the percentage of resistance is not shown.
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Check below the list of antibiotics listed in the tool, which belong to the following classes: